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MAT Practice — Analogies that Test Your General Vocabulary

Some of the 120 analogy questions on your MAT will involve general vocabulary, as distinguished from the vocabulary of any specific academic field. On this page are five MAT-style practice analogies that test your general vocabulary. Further down the page you'll find an analysis of each question.

Directions: In each of the following questions, you will find three terms in upper-case letters and, in parentheses, four answer options lettered (a), (b), (c) and (d). Select the answer option that best completes the analogy with the three other terms.

  1. TACITURN : (a. mute, b. punctual, c. modest, d. candid) :: PROUD : HAUGHTY

  2. AVUNCULAR : NIECE :: PATERNAL : (a. cousin, b. father, c. daughter, d. mother)

  3. TAILORED : VEST :: HEWN : (a. flower, b. log, c. scissors, d. glass)

  4. STANCH : FLOW :: (a. cure, b. prescribe, c. immunize, d. spread) : DISEASE

  5. (a. obese, b. ingenuous, c. cloying, d. asinine) : FATUOUSNESS :: AWAKE : INSOMNIA

Answers and Explanations
[Types of Relationships in MAT Analogies]

  1. The correct answer is (a). The relationship between mute (silent) and taciturn (reluctant to speak or to disclose information) is one of intensity, or degree. The relationship between haughty (arrogant or boastful) and proud is also one of intensity, or degree. (Analogy type: semantic)

  2. The correct answer is (c). Avuncular means "pertaining to an uncle." By definition, a female is related to her uncle as a niece. Paternal means "pertaining to a father." By definition, a female is related to her father as a daughter. (Analogy type: semantic)

  3. The correct answer is (b). The word hewn is the past participle form of the verb hew, which means "to cut or hack with a heavy, blunt tool (such as an axe or chisel)." A log is a good example of something that is hewn — in other words, created through the process of hewing. Similarly, a vest is a good example of something that is tailored — in other words, created through the process of tailoring. (Analogy type: association)

  4. The correct answer is (a). To stanch a flow is to stop, or terminate, it. Similarly, to cure a disease is to stop, or terminate, it. (Analogy type: association)

  5. The correct answer is (d). The adjective asinine characterizes fatuousness ("utter stupidity or foolishness"), while the adjective awake characterizes insomnia (inability to sleep). (Analogy type: semantic)