GMAT Score Reports and the Score-Reporting Process
Here you'll learn how GMAT scores are reported to test takers and to the business schools; how repeating the exam affects an MBA candidate's score report and chances of admission; and about possible future changes in the GMAT scoring and reporting process.
Your GMAT Score Report
Immediately after your timed exam, and while you're still at the testing terminal, you may elect to view your unofficial Quantitative, Verbal, Total, and Integrated Reasoning scores. (Once you elect to view these scores, you no longer have the option of canceling them.) In the days immediately after your testing session, your GMAT essay will be rated by E-Rater and will be read and graded by either one or two GMAT readers.
Once your AWA score is determined, GMAC will make available to you an official score report indicating all five scaled scores and corresponding percentile rankings. If you're registered at the GMAC website, you can log in to your mba.com account and use the authorization code that appears on your unofficial score report to access your official score report.
Your official score report will be available to you within 20 days after testing, at which time GMAC will transmit your report to each school you've designated to receive it. (You can direct reports to as many as five schools at no charge.)
Reporting and Use of Multiple GMAT Scores
A GMAT score report includes all scores (as well as cancellations) from the test taker's most recent five-year period. After five years a GMAT score will scroll off the report.
Most schools simply average all reported scores. (Score averages for each test section are determined separately for this purpose.) But there are three variant approaches as well:
Some schools average the most recent three score sets while disregarding all earlier scores.
Some schools average all reported scores but disregard a score that's sufficiently lower than other scores for the same exam section, on the basis that a too-low score unfairly distorts the test taker's ability in that area.
Some schools look only at the highest reported score for each exam section. (This approach is increasingly uncommon, since it discriminates in favor of test takers who can afford to take the GMAT again and again.)
If you're thinking of retaking the GMAT, check with the schools to which you are applying for their specific policies regarding multiple GMAT scores. Those policies might weigh in your decision whether to retake the test.
The Future of GMAT Disclosure and Score Reporting
GMAC is currently considering further refinements in the GMAT disclosure and reporting process. Any of the three listed below might already be implemented by the time you take the GMAT:
Disclosure of AWA responses (the two essays) to the schools and to test takers.
Disclosure of Quantitative and Verbal test questions to test takers. (This development is unlikely in the near future; since the computerized testing system creates a unique sequence of test questions for each test taker, full disclosure of the test is currently impracticable.)
Customizing GMAT scores for each school. For example, if a particular school determines that Reading Comprehension should be weighted more heavily than Critical Reasoning, scores can automatically be adjusted accordingly. (Currently, separate scores are not reported for the different components within the Quantitative and Verbal sections.)