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The GMAT Integrated Reasoning Section — Overview and Sample Questions

Here you'll find an overview of the GMAT Integrated Reasoning (IR) section, which was added to the exam in 2012. Also available here are four GMAT-style practice questions that illustrate three of the four basic IR question formats.

Key Features of the Integrated Reasoning Section

  • Time limit: 30 minutes

  • Exam section number: Section 2 (the second of four exam sections)

  • Number of available questions: 12 (most questions are multi-part)

  • Basic questions formats (scroll down for details):

  1. Table Analysis
  2. Multi-Source Reasoning
  3. Graphics Interpretation
  4. Two-Part Analysis
  • Skills Tested: Your ability to interpret, analyze and evaluate verbal and quantitative information presented in a variety of business-related formats: charts and graphs, spreadsheets and other tables, emails and other memoranda, and so forth.

Testing Procedures and Methodology

  • Not separately administered. The Integrated Reasoning section is an integral component of the GMAT exam. It is not administered separately. So if you took the GMAT prior to June 5, 2012 and you want an Integrated Reasoning score on your report, you'll need to sit for the entire GMAT exam.

  • No review of previous questions. Just as with the Quantitative and Verbal sections, you must respond to the question currently presented before you can move ahead to the next one, and you cannot go back and review or change your responses to questions previously presented.

  • Non-adaptive testing format. Unlike the Quantitative and Verbal sections, which are computer adaptive, the Integrated Reasoning section does not adapt to your ability level as you go. All 12 questions you'll encounter during this section are predetermined and fixed, hence the correctness of your response to a question will have no bearing on what questions the testing system subsequently presents.

  • On-screen calculator provided. The Integrated Reasoning section de-emphasizes rote computational skills by giving the test taker access to an on-screen calculator. NOTE: This feature is available only for the Integrated Reasoning section, and not for the Quantitative section.

Scoring and Score Reporting

Your GMAT score report will include a separate Integrated Reasoning (IR) score, on a 0-8 scale, along with your IR percentile ranking.

Each B-school will determine for itself how much weight to give the IR scaled score vis-a-vis a candidate's four other GMAT scaled scores: AWA, Quantitative, Verbal, and Total. (NOTE: Total scores are based only on Quantitative and Verbal scores, and not on Integrated Reasoning scores.)

The Four Integrated-Reasoning Question Formats

  1. Table Analysis. A question in this format provides a spreadsheet-style table, whose columnar data you can sort by selecting any field (column) from a pull-down menu. The table is accompanied by a series of 3-4 statements. Your task is to evaluate each statement by indicating, for example, whether it is true or false. In order to gain credit for a correct answer to the question, you must evaluate each and every statement correctly. (Partial credit is not awarded.)

  2. Multi-Source Reasoning. A question in this format provides information from multiple sources. Information sources may provide textual information (300 or fewer words), graphical data, or both. You view the sources one at time by clicking on one or another tab. Multiple questions may relate to the same set of information sources.

  3. Graphics Interpretation. A question in this format involves information presented in graphical form — i.e., a table, bar graph, line chart, pie graph, scatter plot, or other display. The question may involve a single display, or it may involve two or more related displays. Some Graphics Interpretation questions are presented in sets of two or more based on the same graphical information.

  4. Two-Part Analysis. A question in this format provides textual and/or graphical information, along with a question that calls for a two-part response. For example, you may be asked to select from two separate lists a pair of numbers that together satisfy a certain condition or result in a certain outcome. In any event, you must answer both parts correctly in order to gain credit for a correct answer. Partial credit is not awarded.