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GMAT Verbal Practice, Sentence Correction

Question 2

By the mid-1700s, when it began a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague, the French government had fully realized that the success of its state building projects depended on the welfare of its people.

  1. By the mid-1700s, when it began a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague, the French government had fully realized
  2. Until the mid-1700s, when it had begun a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague, the French government had fully realized
  3. By the mid-1700s the French government began a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague, when it fully realized
  4. The French government began a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague by the mid-1700s, fully realizing
  5. When the French government began a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague, it fully realized by the mid-1700s

Explanatory Answer

The past-perfect verb form had realized is appropriate here because the sentence is intended to convey the idea that one action (fully realizing) occurred before another action in the past (a concerted effort to prevent famine and plague). Past perfect tense indicates the first of the two actions in time. The correct response is (A), which means that the original version of the sentence is the best one.

Directions   1   2   3   4   5
GMAT Verbal Practice